Therapies for psychological, psychiatric and psychosocial problems can be very diverse. For clients this means that it’s often difficult to understand what is the exact nature of these therapies.
For behavioural and cognitive therapies this section will help you to find out what they are , how hey work, what you can expect from them.
Visiting the whole site will even give you a better understanding.

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What happens in behavioural and cognitive psychotherapies?

In behavioural and cognitive psychotherapies the therapist and the client work together to:

  • develop a shared understanding of the client’s problem.
  • identify how these affect the client’s thoughts, behaviours, feelings and daily functioning.

Based on the understanding of each client’s individual problems the therapist and the client will then work together to identify goals and to agree to a shared treatment plan. The focus of therapy is to enable the client to generate solutions to their problems that are more helpful than their present ways of coping. This often involves the client using the time between therapy sessions to try things out.

Therapy is organised over an agreed number of sessions. The number of sessions needed will differ depending on the nature and severity of a client’s problem. Typically, sessions are weekly, last an hour and take place over a period of between 10 to 15 sessions, but this can be significantly shorter or longer. After treatment completion client and therapist usually agree to a limited number of follow-up sessions to maintain the progress achieved.

What sort of problems can CBT help with?

Research on behavioural and cognitive psychotherapies has been carried out extensively. This has shown it to be an effective form of psychotherapy, particularly for the following:

  • Anxiety & Panic Attacks
  • Phobias (e.g. agoraphobia, social phobia)
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Depression
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Eating problems
  • Sexual and relationship problems
  • Child and adolescent problems
  • General Health problems
  • Chronic Pain
  • Habit problems (e.g. tics)
  • Anger
  • Drug or Alcohol problems
  • Schizophrenia and Psychosis
  • Problems associated with a learning disability
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Sleep Disorders

Individual leaflets are available from the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) about many of the above problems.

Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapies can be used on their own or in conjunction with medication, depending on the severity or nature of each client’s problem..